APRIL 12, 2020
Ramadan 2020 Date
Ramadan 2020 in Pakistan will start in the evening of 24 April 2020 and will end in the evening of 24 May 2020
24 April , Friday , 2020
24 May , Sunday , 2020
What is Ramadan?
In Islamic society, the month of Ramadan carries the most importance compared with other eleven months with regards to its significance and its blessings upon mankind. It is in this month that the Ashab would put more efforts in their prayers (both obligatory and voluntary). In this month, the month of Ramadan, the Holy Prophet (SAW) never returned any beggar empty handed.
Ramadan is the ninth month in Islamic calendar that is also known as Hijri, Lunar Hijri or Arabic calendar. The month starts upon the sight of the new moon on the eve of the last day of Sha’ban and the Muslims offer Taraweeh prayer after Isha’ prayer. The month ends with the sight of the new moon of the month of Shawwal, and the Muslims offer the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer the very next morning as a gesture of celebration of happiness so as to successfully reaping most benefits of Ramadan.
It was in this month that the Holy Quran was revealed to the Holy Prophet (SAW), and the fasting was made obligatory for Muslims. Allah says in the Holy Quran: “Ramadan is the (month) in which we sent down the Quran as a guide to mankind also clear (signs) for guidance and judgement (between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present during that month should spend it in fasting” (2:185)
Ramadan is a month in which a believer could ward-off its sins and become exalted in its rank before Allah. It is an opportunity to reorient oneself with the will of Allah and adopt such habits that ensure His pleasure.
Fasting was made obligatory on 2nd A.H. Fasting is an activity or practice during which the person observing fast remains abstinent from most of the things (that are normally permitted and Halal during months other than Ramadan) from dawn to sunset.
Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam; others being Shadah (the declaration of faith), Prayer (Salat), Alms-giving (Zakat), Pilgrimage (Hajj). The literal meaning of fast is abstinence. In Islamic terminology, fasting means to stay away from eating, drinking, marital relations, smoking, etc. from dawn till sunset.
Why do Muslims fast during Ramadan?
Allah has enjoined in the Holy Quran: “O believers! Fasting has been prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may attain piety.” (2:183). There are two things to notice and observe in this Ayah: Fasting was made obligatory not for this Ummah but for the previous ummahs also, while the second thing being that fasting has been made obligatory so that Muslims could practice piety in this month and try to continue it for all year along.
It is true that in the month of Ramadan, eating and drinking have been made forbidden, but it is also worthwhile to say Ramadan is not all about abstaining from eating and drinking. It is about the hidden significance of these acts. By fasting, a Muslim expresses his love and obedience towards Allah Almighty, controls his worldly desires and acts acts according to the will of Allah. As the Holy prophet (SAW) rightly said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions Allah does not require his hunger and thirst.” (Bukhari)
When is Ramadan 2020 and how are the dates calculated?
Ramadan is likely to start on 24th of April and will end on 24th of May. The month of Ramadan is an Islamic month, fetched from Islamic calendar. In Islamic calendar, years are counted in Hijri, in which there are twelve months (of which Ramadan is the ninth one) that end and start one the bases of moonsighting. One important thing to mention here is that, Hijri calendar was started in 622 A.D. when the Holy Prophet (SAW) migrated from Makkah to Madinah.
Can Ramadan happen twice in a year?
No, Ramadan happens only one in a year. However dates of Ramadan change every year on Gregorian calendar. This is the reason Ramadan takes 33 years to occur at the same place at Gregorian calendar.
Are dates the same every year?
Dates of Ramadan depend on moon sighting and moon sighting does not follow Gregorian calendar. Therefore, Ramadan moves forward by 10 or 11 days on Gregorian calendar, however, on Islamic calendar it occurs at the same date every year.
What is the end of Ramadan called?
There comes Eid-ul-Fitr the very next day of the last day of Ramadan. Eid-ul-Fitr consists of three days on which Muslims celebrate their victoriously going through the hardships of Ramadan month and acquiring the bounties and blessings of this month. On these three days, fasting is prohibited.
Can Ramadan be in Winter?
Yes, Ramadan can occur in winter. The month of Ramadan shifts forward 10 to 11 days every year on Gregorian calendar. This means: Ramadan can occur in winter though it will take years.
What does Ramadan mean?
The word “Ramadan” is derived from the Arabic word ramida or ar-ramad which means scorching or dryness.
What does Ramadan mean for children?
Children are exempted from the obligation of observing fast till the age of 12 years. However, they can be trained for fasts through mini-fast that may be extended to several hours depending on the ability of child.
Can non-Muslims get involved?
Non-Muslims, around the world, show the spirit of compassion and love for Muslims by holding sehri and aftari invitations and also fasting along with other Muslims.
What should non-Muslims expect during Ramadan?
Non-Muslims ought to avoid eating and drinking in public places where there is a chance of presence of Muslims.
Which countries mark Ramadan?
There are Muslims all around the world and their number is increasing day by day. There are almost 1.6 billion Muslims on this planet. The list of Muslim countries include Pakistan, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Maldives, U.A.E, and many more. However, Muslims residing in non-Muslim countries also fast and celebrate Ramadan.
Ramadan for diabetics:
It is not necessary for medically unfit people to fast in Ramadan. It is highly recommended for diabetes patients to consult their medical practitioners before observing fast.
Islam is not a strict religion, rather it is a benefiting one. It has justifications behind every act and commandment. If someone, a patient of diabetes, wants to fast, he must check his blood sugar levels on frequently and drink plenty of water during non fasting hours.
Does using an inhaler break your fast?
Some scholars say that inhaler does not break fast. Therefore, it is recommended for asthma patient to carry his inhaler along with himself as he would do during non-fasting months.
Are people permitted to listen to music during the month of Ramadan?
Listening to music is forbidden in Islam according to most of the scholars.
Is there a dress code during the holy month of Ramadan?
There is no proper predefined dress code for Ramadan month, however, people should avoid wearing dress that could offend those observing fast. Dresses that could sexually incite should be avoided.
Can you shower during Ramadan?
Personal hygiene should be maintained in Ramadan. Having shower is totally allowed, unless water does not goes down through the throat.
What is the etiquette regarding eating and drinking if you are not fasting?
Those who are not fasting should avoid eating and drinking in from of fasting persons.
Can you drink water during fasting in Ramadan?
No, drinking water is prohibited during fast.
Are you allowed to brush your teeth when fasting?
Some scholars are of the opinion that brushing does not break fast as long as you do not swallow toothpaste or water, However, it is recommended to use a miswak instead. Miswak contains such ingredients that are useful for teeth health and is also recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Is fasting in Ramadan healthy or harmful?
Fasting in Ramadan is a healthy activity, not only with regards to its medical benefits, but also its spiritual effects. Even the health practitioners and physical trainers recommend intermittent fasting. The only difference between intermittent fasting and fasting in Ramadan is that fasting in Ramadan has certain time period in which the observer is forbidden to eat or drink. Fasting helps maintain cholesterol levels, blood sugar levels and keeps diabetes and many other diseases in check.
How much weight do you lose during Ramadan?
Some people eat and drink plenty of food during sehr and aftar timings, which should be avoided. It does increase the weight rather decreasing it. However, if you uphold
What is the significance of charity during Ramadan?
It is Islamic custom and and one of the five pillars of Islam to give Zakat. Zakat is farz on financially eligible people and is given in the month of Ramadan. Zakat is given to poor poeple in the spirit and hope that they could meet their basic life needs and could be able to make their living. Charity also helps gaining bounties of Allah Almighty. Moreover, good deeds any act of goodness multiply in this holy month. With this belief Muslims try to be as much benevolent as they could.
Significance of Ramadan and Fasting:
Spiritual and Religious Significance:
1.Gates of Hell are closed and that of Paradise opened:
The Holy Prophet (SAW) elaborated: “The blessed month has come to you. Allah has made fasting during this month obligatory upon you. During it, the gates to Paradise are opened and the gates to hellfire are locked, and the devils are chained. There is a night (during this month) which is better than a thousand months. Whoever is deprived of its good is really deprived.” (An-Nisa)
It is the significance of this month that all the Muslims, all around the world, indulge themselves in tireless Ibadah and devote their time to gain as many bounties of Allah as they could. Their goal is to achieve salvation and to ward-off their evil deeds once and for all. That is why the person who is deprived of this month’s good is, undoubtedly, deprived of something really great.
2. Shield against Sins and Evils:
Fasting is a shield against sins and other evils that could affect the individual and community in a terrible way. When a person observes fast, he keeps himself away from worldly desires and ill-acts, making his life beautiful and the community a peaceful place. It is explicitly stated in the Holy Quran: “O you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you, that you may ward off evil.” (2:183) Similarly, the Holy Prophet (SAW) said: “Fasting is a shield for you.” (Masnad Imam Ahmad) Furthermore, a person having fast and staying away from ill-deeds is liable for unimaginable bounty that he will surely get not only in this world but also in the hereafter.
3.Forgiveness against Previous Sins:
A person who observes fast and stays away from immoral deeds gets his sins to be nullified and forgiven by the Almighty Allah. At the end of the month of Ramadan, a fasting person is like a white piece of cloth without any stain on it. Here stain is resembled with stain of sins carried out by the person. It means that just like white, beautiful piece of cloth, the person having fulfilled all the obligations of the month of Ramadan along with voluntary acts of righteousness, gets his sins to be washed out. The Holy Prophet (SAW) said: “whoever spends the month of Ramadan in complete faith and self-rectification, his previous sins will be forgiven” (Agreed upon)
4. A Fasting Person is in a State of Worship:
The holy Prophet (SAW) said: “A fasting person is in a state of worship, even when (asleep) in bed, except when he backbites another Muslim.” (Ad-Dailami)
According to this Hadith, a fasting person is considered in a state of worship, even if he is idle. This might be because fasting in itself is a worship. Furthermore, we see people losing their temper, backbiting other people and other different immoral acts during fasting. So, it would be better to do nothing compared to these prohibited acts, that lead a person towards hellfire only.
5. Exclusive Reward by Allah Almighty:
Unlike other Ibadahs, fasting is the one that cannot be done for the purpose of show-off. During fasting, it is only Allah who has a watch on the person observing fast all the time. So, even in loneliness, if the person stays away from eating and drinking, he is validating that he is observing this fast just for the love and fear of Allah Almighty.
There is a Hadith-e-Qudsi: “Fasting is (exclusively) for me and I will reward it.” (Bukhari)
Social and Worldly Significance of Fasting and Ramadan:
1. The Month of Sympathy:
A man experiences the condition faced by poverty-stricken and impoverished communities of the society when he is fasting. He feels the compassion for this substandard class and miseries faced by it. This sense of compassion and feeling for the poor class of society inspire and prompt the eligible and upper class of the society to aid them in fulfilling their basic needs. That is why the Holy Prophet (SAW) has regarded Ramadan as ‘the Month of Sympathy’, so as in this month, all the basic life needs of the poor are fulfilled.
2. Self Discipline:
In this month, everyone tries to fulfill all the religious obligations set by the Allah Almighty. Offering Salat five times a day becomes a norm of the society and everyone tries and offers five times prayers. Moreover, no matter what you are doing, or where you are, you get to the dinning table two times — one for Sehr and other for Iftar. This routine of prayers and eating makes a man punctual and disciplined, and this habit if adopted successfully, a person can achieve a huge success not only in this world but also in the hereafter.
3. The Month of Patience:
Restricting oneself from eating and drinking for the whole day makes a man more patient and more forbearing. Furthermore, a man in the condition of fasting remains from marital affairs and other acts that are usually acceptable during other months of the year. This control over himself also aids him in achieving self-control. That’s why the Holy Prophet (SAW) also regarded this month as “the Month of Patience”. (Mishkat)
Method of Fasting/How to Fast:
What are Iftar and Suhoor?
Fasting is simply divided into three main steps:
Eating Sehri and Niyat:
Iftar (Breaking the Fast)
The first step in observing a fast is to eat Sehri (mid night meal) and make proper Niyat (intention) before dawn. Eating Sehri is recommended before fast. The Holy Prophet (SAW) said: “Allah and His angels send blessings on people who eat Sehri.” (Ibn-e-Habban) Sehri can be eaten before the real dawn. As Allah says in the Holy Quran: “…. eat and drink until you can discern the white streak of dawn from the blackness of night; and then continue fasting until nightfall” (2:187)
The Niyat of Sehri can be made in one’s own language or in the following words:
Dua for Sehri with Urdu and English Translation
You have eaten the Sehri and made proper Niyat. Now the real dawn has come. Now, the things that were allowed have been forbidden, like eating and drinking, till Iftar. During this time, the person tries to achieve as many bounties as he could to raise his rank before Allah. For this he tries to keep himself away from worldly desires and focuses on getting as many blessings of Allah as he could.
The Holy Prophet (SAW) said: “Fasting is a shield and anyone who is fasting, he should neither say anything abusive and vulgar nor should he shout. If any other person says anything abusive to him or fights with him then he should say to him ‘I am fasting’.” (Muslim)
After all the struggles to achieve the affection of Allah and gain bounties, the time comes when it is allowed to break the fast and have meals. This activity of breaking the fast is called Iftar. It is a tradition to break the fast with a date or water immediately after the sun sets off.
It is recommended to break the fast as soon as it comes. The Holy Prophet (SAW) said that Allah said: “Among my servants, I love the one most who are quick in Iftar.”
Fast should be broken with the following supplication or Dua:
Ramadan Iftar Dua with Urdu and English Translation
Acts Invalidating Fast/How Fast is Broken:
Following are the acts that invalidate fast:
Deliberately eating and drinking.
To keep anything in mouth that melts, like sugar
Bleeding gums and teeth.
Swallowing something which is not used as eatables, drinkables, or as a medicine.
Injecting something into the body.
The entering of water in the throat while gargling.
While observing fast one has to be careful if he is committing these acts, deliberately or unintentionally.
Compensations for Breaking Fast:
We have discussed things that nullify fast, however, this can be compensated. If a person accidentally breaks fast, he can observe fast after the month of Ramadan has passed. This is called ‘Qadha fast’. However, if someone intentionally breaks fast, he is liable for ‘Kaffarah’. It means that the person who broke fast has to fast 60 days continuously, or feed 60 deserving people with two proper meals, or feed one deserving person two meals a day for 60 days. He can also give an amount equal to Sadqa-e-Fitr to 60 deserving people.
The month of Ramadan starts when the New Moon is sighted and confirmed through sufficient Shahadats (witnesses). The same night of the moon-sighting, Muslims offer a special prayer along with the Isha prayer. This prayer is called ‘Taraweeh’. The Taraweeh prayer is offered every night along with the Isha prayer for the whole month of Ramadan.
Taraweeh is an Arabic word which means to rest and relax. Taraweeh prayers are Sunnat-e-Muakkadah, which means that it is not Farz but strongly recommended both for men and women. It is a congregational prayer that is offered in Masjids.
After the offering of four rakats, and two Sunnah rakats of Isha prayer, the twenty rakats of Taraweeh are offered, followed by three Vitars. These twenty rakats are offered in ten sets each containing two rakats. Between each four sets a special prayer is recited by heart called ‘Tasbeeh Taraweeh’.
The Holy Prophet (SAW) said Taraweeh prayer: “Whoever offers optional prayers (like Taraweeeh) in the nights of Ramadan, believing in Allah and seeking his rewards, will have his previous sins forgiven.” (Agreed upon)
I’tikaf is a spiritual practice that is performed in the last Ashra (one third) of Ramadan. The person observing I’tikaf takes a separate place in Masjid and sits there, parting from the world and worldly affairs. During this period, a person tries his best to perform as many optional prayers and recitations, along with compulsory congregational prayers, as he could. This practice raises the spiritual level of the man and ultimately his whole life could be transformed in a positive manner.
I’tikaf is a very beautiful Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (SAW). Hazrat Ayesha (RA) reported that the Holy Prophet (SAW) used to observe I’tikaf during the last ten days of the month of Ramadan and he continued this practice till his demise.
The time of I’tikaf starts with the sunset of the 20th of Ramadan and continues till the moon-sight of Eid-ul-Fitr. Men perform I’tikaf in the Masjid while women do it at their homes.
I’tikaf is a practice that could prove to be a life-changing experience. In this situation of I’tikaf, there is no one between man and his Lord. Therefore, I’tikaf is suggested for every person once in a lifetime.
Allah Almighty describes this night in the Holy Quran in the following words:
“We have indeed revealed this (message) in the Night of Power: And what will explain to you what the Night of Power is? The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. Therein come down the angels and the Spirit (Jibra’il) by Allah’s permission, on every errand: Peace! Until the rise of morning!” (Surah Al Qadar)
Laylatul Qadr is a special night that occurs in the odd nights of Ramadan. Believers are asked to seek this night among the nights mentioned above. The Holy Prophet (SAW) said: “Search for the blessed night in the odd (nights) of the last ten (nights) of Ramadan” (Bukhari) Therefore, to attain the blessings of Laylatul Qadr, one ought to do stay awake and prayer all the odd nights last ten nights of Ramadan.
This night is special with regards to the truth that one could get all his sins forgiven. As The Holy Prophet (SAW) is reported to have said: “Verily this month has come to you; and therein is a night which is better than a thousand months. Whoever is deprived of it, is deprived of all good; and none is deprived of its good except a totally unfortunate person.” (Ibn-e-Majah)
Three Ashras of Ramadan:
There are three Ashras in Ramadan-ul-Mubarak that have their own significance. These Ashras are: Ashra of mercy; Ashra of forgiveness; Ashra of seeking refuge.
It is recommended to recite special prayers of their respective Ashras. These prayers are:
Three Prayers of Ashras
Ramadan Calendar 2020 DesignTemplate
Blessed is the person who had the month of Ramadan in his life, while he is so unfortunate who got the month of Ramadan and did not materialise its significance. And even more blessed is that person who materialised the blessings of this month, and continued the practice for further eleven months. Ramadan comes to teach many things, like compassion for poor people, being spiritually exalted in rank, and how to achieve Allah’s forgiveness and blessings, and self-control and self-development. We are fortunate that we are Muslims, because the blessings of the month of Ramadan are wordly and divine at the same time.